I just finished design school myself, back in June. Foil stamping, die cutting, embossing, yes, all things for larger runs, but as mentioned above, there are work-arounds.
I found myself using a laser engraver here in town (Portland) several times, for engraving glass to "die-cutting" shapes on thick book board to engraving a wine box.
To foil stamp a piece for my portfolio, I used gold leaf (comes in different karats at different prices) by hand. Easiest way I found to produce foil stamping for one piece.
Die cutting, you could try to find someone who has a Cricket machine. Several of my classmates have used one, as did I.
I believe this was one of the hardest parts of school, resourcing these techniques and products! As far a printer goes, I used a Canon Pro 100 and printed on Red River 13x19" paper and trimmed down. My book was also hand-stitched by myself which garnered a great hand-crafted look for my printed piece.